Creating web applications involves many choices, but undoubtedly the most important element is the technology on which the whole will be based. This choice is particularly difficult for small companies or start-ups with a limited budget, therefore web technologies should provide them with the highest return on each amount invested. So it is safe to say that web software is the key to success or the cause of failure. So how do you choose the most appropriate technology?

 

Web technologies – what to choose?

Creating web applications involves many choices, but undoubtedly the most important element is the technology on which the whole will be based. This choice is particularly difficult for small companies or start-ups with a limited budget, therefore web technologies should provide them with the highest return on each amount invested. So it is safe to say that web software is the key to success or the cause of failure. So how do you choose the most appropriate technology?

Web application development technologies

 

Web technologies – what are they?
Simply put, web technologies are dynamic websites combined with server-side technologies that provide functions such as interacting with users, connecting to back-end databases, and generating results in browsers. Examples of this type of application include: social networking sites, booking portals, e-commerce applications or content management systems.

Technologies in which web applications are created can be divided into two categories: technologies performed on the client side and technologies executed on the server side. The client’s site is called the frontend and covers everything that users see on their screens. The server-side programming (backend) consists of the server, the database and the applications running on it, so it is not the part that is visible to end-users. The backend feeds the client’s website, but is also responsible for functionalities and is used to create logic around the entire application, so choosing the technology is by far the biggest challenge.

Technologies on the client side
These technologies are performed or interpreted by browsers, and we usually have the option to preview the content of the code by right-clicking and selecting “View page source” from the menu. Examples of these technologies are:

  • HTML (Hypertext Markup Language)
  • CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
  • JavaScript
  • Ajax (Asynchronous JavaScript and XML)
  • jQuery library
  • MooTools library
  • Server-side technologies

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These technologies allow the server to perform tasks to handle client requests, and it is not possible to view the content of the code from the outside.

PHP (interpreted, scripting programming language designed to generate web pages and build web applications in real time)
Zend Framework (a collection of universal PHP libraries for creating web applications)
ASP.NET (a set of technologies based on a framework designed by Microsoft.)
ColdFusion (Adobe Framework)
Ruby on Rails (open source framework for fast web application development)
Perl (interpreted, high-level, dynamic programming language)
Python (a general-purpose high-level programming language with an extensive package of standard libraries)

Web technology – what to consider when choosing?
There is no one-size-fits-all solution when it comes to web application design, however there are factors to consider. Below are some tips to help you make the process a little easier.

 

Type of project
Web technology is a set of web application development tools, so you need to fully understand what you are planning to build in order to choose the right solutions. You need to choose an option that will not only provide benefits, but can cope with the complexity of the project over time. Knowing the scale is not everything – it is also important to be aware of the business goals that affect the choice of technology for development.

 

Time to enter the market
Time to market is an extremely important element, especially for small businesses and start-ups. If the project is to be developed and launched quickly, it is worth considering popular and proven technologies that, thanks to an extensive ecosystem, help to shorten the implementation time. The sooner you take off, the more you will overtake your competition.

Security
Web applications are vulnerable to attacks by cybercriminals, so if you want to ensure the security of your project, it is worth making sure that you use technology without security holes. Most technologies have detailed guidelines that can help prevent cyber attacks, but no programming language can be 100% secure. It can be helpful to choose the right tool first and then follow the security guidelines to minimize the risk of threats and vulnerability.

 

Scalability
If the number of users increases, the technology should enable the application to handle the growth, so deciding what to write web applications for is very important. Keeping an eye on your immediate needs is important, but also paying attention to your future needs is just as important. Think about scalability ahead of time and on that basis choose a solution that fits your needs.

 

Choosing the wrong technology for a web application – what is the impact?
You already know what a technology stack is and what to consider when choosing, but finally a few words about how the wrong technology can harm your project. The wrong choice may have a major negative impact on the final cost of the project, but also on the development of the application – both at the project implementation stage and during its development. Insufficient security or lack of adequate security can lead to data leakage, which may eventually lead to application rewriting, which generates huge costs. Don’t choose technology based on competitors’ experiences, personal preferences, previous projects, or online research. Each project is different, so an individual approach is crucial here.